I. Read and translate the text using the vocabulary

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^ II Answer the following questions:
1) What do the terms used to describe computers imply?

2) What do common people think of a computer?

3) What is the difference between RC and Desktop?

4) What are specifications of a Laptop?

5) What kind of memory is used in Palmtops?

6) What is Workstation?

7) How is Server characterized?

8) How large were mainframes in the early days of computing. What is enterprise server?

9) What is a Supercomputer and how is it used nowdays?

10) What is the latest trend in computing?

^ III Match the terms:
PC – has a more powerful processor, memory and enhanced capabilities.

Desktop – designed for general use by one person.

Laptop – called notebook.

Palmtops – provides services to other computers over a network.

Workstation – a PC that is not designed for portability.

Server – the latest trend in computing.

Mainframe – a PC that designed for portability.

Supercomputer – often uses flash memory.

Wearable – a single computer system.
^ IV Translate into Ukrainian:
virtually, device, receive, mouse, keyboard, display, designed, portable, integrate, hard drive, battery-operated package, powerful, mainframe, weather forecasting, sophisticated artworks.

V Translate into English:
можливість, клавіатура, екран, настільний комп'ютер, постійне розташування, пам'ять, миша, процесор, жорсткий диск, книжка в м'якій обгортці, завдання, додаткова пам'ять, користувач, діяльність.

^ VI Translate the sentences into English:
1) Багато термінів, що описують комп'ютери мають на увазі їх розмір, очікування використання або можливість комп'ютера.

2) Комп'ютер – це пристрій, що містить мікропроцесор.

3) Персональний комп'ютер передбачає його використання однією людиною.

4) Настільний комп'ютер спроектований не для переміщення.

5) Ноутбук – це портативний комп'ютер із дисплеєм, клавіатурою, процесором, пристроєм пам'яті, жорстким диском за розміром трохи більше обгортки книжки.

6) Флешка замінює жорсткий диск у планшетах.

7) Сервери зазвичай мають дуже потужні процесори, велику пам'ять та великі жорсткі диски.
^ VII Practise asking questions. Ask all possible questions to the different members of the sentence.
1) The personal computer defines a computer designed for general use by one person.

2) Now supercomputers are moving toward the mainstream, for varied as stock analysis, automobile design, special effects for movies, and even sophisticated artworks.
^ VIII Speak on the topic “Computer Types”
IX Rendering
1. Read the text and be ready to answer the questions:
1) What can you do using a laptop?

2) What fields are laptop used in?

3) Do teachers use laptops in the classroom for lectures?

4) What do students use Laptops for?

5) How can one entertain oneself by laptop using?

6) What are the benefits of laptop computers?
^ Text B
Laptop Computers
What They Can Do. A laptop is a full-blown, genuine computer that can do anything a’ desktop computer can do. For example, you can do programming, word processing, spreadsheets, databases, accounting and multimedia presentations. The portability of laptops allows you to do many things that you cannot do with a desktop. For example, you can write your sales proposal, article or business presentation while travelling on a plane or commuting on the bus or train or subway. We will discuss some examples of laptop uses in the following fields: education, entertainment, law, enforcement, amateur astronomy, navigation, business.

Students and educators have found that laptops answer a lot of their needs. In fact, some colleges and universities that require incoming freshmen to have computers recommend laptops. Teachers have found a variety of uses for laptops, too. In college, where lectures to large classes are commonplace, many professors can use their laptops, along with other audiovisual equipment, to project slides or lecture notes. And as technology creeps further into public elementary, middle and high schools, there is a growing trend toward teachers using laptops in the classroom for lectures.

Students can use laptop computers to take notes during lectures; this is more common in college than in lower schools. However, many special education students do use laptops for taking notes, or to run specialized software, such as hearing interpreters. In both colleges and lower schools, science students can use laptops for gathering data from laboratory experiments. Laptops can also be taken into the field to gather data. In addition to laptops, scientific calculators and PDAs (palmtops) can also be equipped for taking these types of measurements.

Laptops are becoming quite commonly used for business and for pleasure. Because most laptops either have standard or optional internal CD-ROM or DVD drives, you can play music CDs or movie DVDs on your laptop. Imagine sitting on a long flight or train commute during which you can type your presentation for work, and listen to your own music CD. Or perhaps you're on a plane and you don't like the in flight movie; if your laptop has a DVD drive, you can just watch your own movie and enjoy! Many police cars are now equipped with laptop computers. Police officers can use laptops to type incident reports immediately at the scene, rather than take notes and type the reports later. This time saving feature allows them more time to patrol. Furthermore, police can also use laptops with wireless connections to central police headquarters to check such things as criminal records, vehicle registrations and outstanding warrants, which saves time and can assist in making arrests.

Because laptop computers are so portable, amateur astronomers can take them easily to observing sites. Computers can be used to drive telescopes to various celestial objects. When sailing and boating, it is essential to know precisely where you are on the water. On small boats, space is a premium; they cannot have chartrooms or large chart tables. Some may say that the business field has benefited the most from the laptop computer. Salespeople can use the laptop to make presentations to customers, access company data over the Internet and process orders while on the road. At trade shows and conventions, it is easy to setup a laptop for a multimedia presentation of your company's products and services.
^ 2. Make a plan of the text.
3. Translate the part of the text in italics in a written form.
4. Retell the text according to your plan.
Comprehension skills.
X Listen to the text “Laptops Power Supply”:

Remember the words:
power supply – енергопостачання

AC power – перемінний струм

rechargeable battery – акумулятор

to consume – споживати

power management software – програма управління енергопостачання

to extend – подовжити

conserve – консервувати

to run – працювати

to plug – вставляти

quit – залишати

re-charge – перезарядити
^ 1. Define if the statements are True or False:
1) What makes the Laptop unique is that it is not portable.

2) Laptops are powered by batteries.

3) All Laptops use some types of rechargeable battery.

4) The battery life does not vary depending on the type of rechargeable battery.
^ 2. Answer the questions:

Does frequent use of disk drives consume a lot of battery power.

What do many laptop models have power management software to?
Unit 6

Text A

Computerized Clothing

I. Read and translate the text using the vocabulary

Almost every day we learn about new computing devices (such as mobile telephones, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), MP3 audio players) that are designed to be carried around by the user. Scientists at the Massachusetts institute of Technology are currently investigating the potential uses of computer processors that are the size of a grain of sand. Already garment manufacturers are seeing the need to accommodate this new technology in their products. Pockets designed to carry mobile 'phones are being designed into jackets and trousers - Levis/Philips have even included a control system for mobile 'phones and MP3 players in their latest range of outdoor clothing. We are used to our computers knowing who we are. In the future our computers will also know where we are, what we are doing and how we are feeling.

Biosensors, such as heart rate and skin conductivity monitors, are able to measure 'how' well we are.

We expect that computing devices and sensors will become integrated into the clothes associated with particular activities: running shorts monitoring and recording heart rate and location; a business suit with a phone interface in the lapel and PDA display on the sleeve; an anorak with location sensing and electronic compass.

Garments will need to support these devices in many different ways. We nave already seen the introduction of pockets for computerised technology, and experiments have been carried out with electrically conductive fibres, such as silk organza, and with fabrics incorporating metals for hygienic purposes as well as for interconnectivity. There are three other aspects which researchers are investigating which could transform the ways in which we use our clothing. These take advantage of the proximity of our clothes to our hands (to provide control input surfaces); the shape and movement of our clothes (to monitor our actions); the visibility of clothes (to provide display surfaces).

The conventional computer keyboard is obviously unsuitable for day-to-day wear. Using speech to control our wearable computer is an ideal solution. The solution to our immediate needs and for future discrete control could lie in touches sensitive fabrics. Fibres that can detect pressure and orientation could provide data to help derive facts about the user's activity. In practice the user would have to train the clothing to recognise various activities and thereafter the computer would be able to judge the appropriateness of alerting the user to potential valuable information. ElekTex™ is a smart fabric that provides pressure readings according to force and area.

Electro Textiles is a switching and sensing company that combines expertise in electronics, software, fabric structures and production engineering.

DuPont and Cambridge Display Technology are actively researching water-thin flexible displays made of light-emitting conductive polymers that could replace newsprint. The ability fabrics to act as displays not only have uses for the wearer, but also for others. Continued development of computer technology is leading to the feasibility of intelligent devices that can be embedded into garments. Research into the application of these devices has revealed a number of potential uses that will be of appeal to consumers.
Vocabulary –
garment manufacturers – виробники одягу

to accommodate – пристосовувати

pocket – карман

jacket –жакет, піджак

trousers – штани, брюки

control system – система управління

outdoor clothing – верхній одяг

heart rate – ритм серця

to monitor – відслідковувати

associated – пов'язаний

particular – відповідний

suit – костюм

lapel – лацкан

sleeve – рукав

anorak – куртка

compass – компас

garment – одяг

support – підтримка, опора

to conduct – проводити

fibre – волокно

silk – шовк

fabric – тканина

to incorporate – включати

hygienic – гігієнічний

interconnectivity - взаємозв'язок

researcher – дослідник

to investigate – досліджувати

advantage – перевага

proximity – близькість

surface – поверхня

shape – форма

clothes – одяг

visibility – видимість

conventional – звичайний, традиційний

to wear –носити

speech –мова

wearable – той що носиться

solution –рішення

immediate needs –нагальні потреби

discrete – дискретний

touches sensitive – чутливий на дотик

to detect – визначати

pressure – тиск

derive – отримувати, вилучати

to recognise – розпізнавати

thereafter – після того

to judge – оцінювати

appropriateness – відповідність

alerting – попередження

valuable – цінний

smart – розумний

reading – показники

according to –відповідно

force – сила

flexible display – гнучкий дисплей

light-emitting – світло випромінюючий

conductive polymers – полімери провідники

replace – замінювати

newsprint – газетна бум ага (надписи)

ability – здатність

feasibility – здійсненність

intelligent - розумний

embedded – вмонтований

to reveal – виявляти

appeal – звернення (призив)
^ II Answer the following questions:

1) What do people learn about new computing devices?

2) What are the scientists investigating?

3) What need are the garment manufactures seeing now?

4) What will computers allow us to know?

5) What are biosensors able to do?

6) What are computing devices integrated into clothes expected to do?

7) What can you say about touches sensitive fabrics?

8) What can you say about Electro Textiles Company?

9) What are Du Don’t and Cambridge Display Technology actively researching?

10) What is continued development of computer technology leading to?

^ III Match the words:

potential user – верхній одяг

computer processor – телефонний інтерфейс

garment manufacturers – вмонтований у одяг

outdoor clothing – комп'ютеризована технологія

integrated into clothes - потенційні користувачі

phone interface – комп'ютерний процесор

computerised technology – виробники одягу

researcher – перевага

advantage – дослідник

^ IV Translate into Ukrainian:
investigate, manufacturer, accommodate, designed, clothing, recording, device, electrically conductive fibers, interconnectivity, visibility, wearable computer, solution, data, valuable information, software, production engineering.

V Translate into English:
користувач, пристосувати, потреба, визначити, очікувати, показники, діловий костюм, куртка, штани,. Кармани, тканини, волокна, тиск, чутливий, дослідження, розпізнавати, відповідність, розумна тканина, виявляти, вмонтований.
^ VI Translate the sentences into English:
1) Науковці досліджують потенційне використання комп'ютерних процесорів розміром з пісчинку.

2) Виробники одягу вбачають можливість застосування нових технологій для своєї продукції.

3) Піджаки та брюки моделюють з карманами для мобільних телефонів.

4) В майбутньому наші комп'ютери будуть знати наше місце знаходження, що ми робимо, та як себе почуваємо.

5) Очікується, що комп'ютерні пристрої будуть вмонтовані в одяг, призначений для певного роду діяльності.

6) Дослідники здійснили експерименти з волокнами, що проводять електричний струм.

7) Звичайний комп'ютер не є придатним до того щоб бути застосованим у повсякденному одязі.

8) У майбутньому розробки комп'ютерних технологій приведуть до застосування розумних пристроїв, вмонтованих в одяг.
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